Welcome to Gotheborg. More then 1, translated and dated porcelain marks. An extensive glossary with entries explaining Chinese and Japanese Antique Pottery and Porcelain terms. Important classic articles and documents on Chinese porcelain history. New and old travelogues to important places in ceramic history. If you need personal help, send your question directly to me. Specialist or beginners equally welcome.
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Though there is much dispute over the origins of porcelain, traces of ceramic ware have been found that date back to 17, or 18, years ago in Southern China, an age that makes it among some of oldest ceramic vestiges found in the world. These old traces display evidence of pottery being created in the crudest and most basic of fashions, so that the finished product can be used as some archaic form. Though the Chinese subcontinent is rich in the resources that are required for the creation of fine pottery, certain places became better known in the region for their production of superior porcelain products. The contrasting geological differences in the northern and southern parts of China also served to ensure that the pottery that developed in the two regions differed widely in color, texture, and material composition. Though traces of ceramic production can be found in the Palaeolithic ages, the first evidence of pottery production as an art-form and a skill seems to be found during the Han period 3rd century BC to 3rd century AD , and especially during the later Han period. This era saw a peculiar tendency towards the production of the hunping, a type of pottery which was used for funereal purposes, which are some of the first examples of highly stylized pottery in the Chinese tradition, and were enduringly popular in the subsequent dynasties.
Chinese ceramics show a continuous development since pre-dynastic times and are one of the most significant forms of Chinese art and ceramics globally. The first pottery was made during the Palaeolithic era. Chinese ceramics range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, to hand-built pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns , to the sophisticated Chinese porcelain wares made for the imperial court and for export.
Nowhere in the world has pottery assumed such importance as in China, and the influence of Chinese porcelain on later European pottery has been profound. It is difficult to give much practical assistance on the question of Chinese marks. Most of the Chinese marks give the name of the dynasty and that of the emperor; however, many of them have been used so inconsequentially that, unless the period can also be assigned with reasonable certainty by other means, it is better to disregard them.